Share

The original post is on AFFRICA website at this address: Dal Kenya: “Ce l’abbiamo fatta, elezioni senza violenze!”

    • 2013, the last elections

On March 9, 2013, after five days of scrutiny, breathlessness and waiting for something that was perceived in the air and was in the expectation of many Kenyans, the IEBC (Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission), the Commission that organize the elections in Kenya and that watch over their fairness and freedom, proclaims Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta as the fourth President of Kenya.

Uhuru Kenyatta

Uhuru Kenyatta

Kenyatta, from Kikuyu tribe and son of the Father of the Nation and Kenya’s first President Jomo Kenyatta, succeeds over Raila Omollo Odinga, from Luo tribe and Oginga Odinga’s son, another politician who has made history in Kenya during and after independence gained by Britain on December 12, 1963. The difference between the two candidates is about 800,000 votes (6,173,433 votes for Kenyatta, backed by the Jubilee Coalition, against the 5,340,546 votes for Odinga, backed by the CORD (Coalition For Reforms and Democracy), but more important is the surplus of just 0.3%, ie just 8.419 votes, compared to 50%, the threshold under which they would go to the ballot.

The other six candidates had to settle for crumbs, with only Musalia Mudavadi, of the Luhya tribe, who received about 4% of the votes, while the others stopped at less than 1%.

The turnout was very high in all the counties of Kenya, demonstrating a population that is involved in the political life of the country, so that, immediately after the proclamation, many fell into the streets to celebrate. Kenyatta and Odinga have set themselves absolutely in the counties of their competence, that is, those inhabited predominantly by the population belonging to their own tribe. For example in Murang’a County Kenyatta obtained 370,099 votes against the 9827 votes of Odinga, and this situation is completely overturned in Siaya County, where Kenyatta receives just 884 votes against Odinga’s 284,031 votes, and demonstrates that, despite so many proclamations, tribal membership still plays a very strong role. In Nairobi County, the struggle between the two candidates is unreserved, and Kenyatta wins for only 39,392 votes (640,296 against 600,904 votes).

Along with the President were also elected 47 Governors, 47 Senators and 47 Women Representatives in the Parliament of the Counties and 290 Members of the National Assembly. [40]

In general, there have been peaceful elections, except for a few clashes during the election day in Mombasa and Mandera, in the north-east of the country, and a few days before clashes occurred at Kilifi, a coastal town north of Mombasa [41]: everyone’s eyes were pointing to Kenya after the events that followed the 2007 elections, but the candidates kept the promises of peaceful elections to their people and to the Western countries, and the Kenyans followed the will of their candidates, and after the proclamation of the winner, the only protests, however peaceful, came from the defeated candidate, Odinga, who called for a new count of votes.

Kenyatta’s victory is perhaps a bit flawed by the International Criminal Tribunal’s inquiry hanging on him and his main ally, William Ruto, accused of crimes against humanity, still with regard to the disorder that followed the last election, and that have led the United States and Britain to provide reserves in relations with Kenya in case of Kenyatta’s victory [42].

But Kenya seems to be the quiet country he used to get us back to before 2007, and so many hopes are on Uhuru Kenyatta, who is now the youngest President of Kenya with his 55 years, and the first President son of a former President. [43]


[40] Sunday Nation, March 10, 2013.

[41] Online version of the daily newspaper La Stampa, LASTAMPA.it, http://www.lastampa.it/2013/03/04/esteri/kenya-scontri-per-le-elezioni-morti-wpJZq42ey2uXvZsrmev2NP/pagina.html.

[42] Rinascita, http://www.rinascita.eu/index.php?action=news&id=19620.

[43] Sunday Nation, March 10, 2013.

Share